Biotechnology can be divided into two according to time and technique
- Traditional Biotechnology / Old Biotechnology - The use of Yeast
and Bacteria to make
beer, wine and cheese are
techniques that have been used for centuries. Drugs, cosmetics and other
health products from the animal and plant extracts and animal breeding which
is more recent origin is also traditional biotechnology.
- Modern Biotechnology / New Biotechnology - The term "Biotechnology" is
first used in 1919 by Karl ereky (a Hungarian agricultural engineer).
Modern biotechnology uses new technology which provides more understanding
and control over living processes. These new approaches uses new techniques
like DNA fingerprinting, DNA sequencing, Cloning and giving Novel Products,
Biosensors, "Gene chips", Genetically Engineered / modified Crops and
Animals and solve the complex biological problems.
Biotechnology can be divided in according to
- Animal Biotechnology - Biotechnology to alter Animal Characters
- Plant Biotechnology - Biotechnology to alter Plant Characters
- Medical Biotechnology - Biotechnology in protection of Human
- Industrial Biotechnology - Biotechnology in the Industry
- Environmental Biotechnology - Biotechnology to solve