Environmental Biotechnology Notes

Environmental Biotechnology: Definition & Scope

Environmental biology: concepts and dynamics or ecosystem, components, food chain and energy flow productivity

            Biogeochemical cycles; types of ecosystem, population ecology and biological control community structure and org.

            environmental pollution; sustainable development economic importance of microbes, plants and animals

Environmental Chemistry

Environment Pollution: types of pollution, Methods for measurement of pollution, Air pollution, Water pollution,

            Soil & Agriculture pollution, Noise & Radiation pollution

Water pollution, Unique Properties of Water and Water Distribution, Drinking Water, Water Quality

Nature and Types of Water Pollutants, Measurement water pollution, Sources of water pollution

Water water Treatment and Water Use- Physical, Chemical, Biological treatment process.

Removal of Heavy Metals

Microbiology & Biochemistry of Waste Water, Waste Water Treatment

Aerobic Process, Aerobic Waste Water Treatment,

Activated sludge, Oxygen ditches, trickling filter,

Towers, rotating discs, rotating drums, oxidation ponds.

Anaerobic Processes, anaerobic digestion, anaerobic filters, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors.

Treatment scheme of waste water of dairy, distillery, tannery, sugar and antibiotic industry

            Use of Immobilized Microbes & Enzymes, Membrane Bioreactors for Waste Water Treatment

Air Pollutants, properties of atmosphere, structure of the atmosphere, Inorganic Air Pollutants, Organic Air Pollutants

Air pollution control through Biotechnology, automobile exhaust, smoke, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and lead

Solid Wastes, sources, Solid Waste Management, Anaerobic Digestion of Waste

            Biogas Production, Ethanol Production, Methanogenesis, Hydrogen Production, Saccharification of Wood

            Biomass Gasification, Vermicomposting

Biodegradation of Pesticides, Herbicides, PCBs, PAHs & By-Products of Manufacturing Processes,

            Microbs in the Environment, Carbon Cycle of a Typical Freshwater Lake, Microbial Degradation of Pesticides,

            insecticides, herbicides, Microbial Transformations of Organic Substances, Nitrogen, Sulfur and Phosphorous

            Xenobiotic Compounds, Hazardous Wastes, Biodegradation of Xenobiotics, decay behavior & degradative plasmids,

            oil pollution, surfactants, pesticides, Bioremediation of contaminated soils and waste land.

            Bioremediation, Phytoremediation, Metals, Microbes & Processes, Biosorption, Bioleaching, Biomining,

            Biotechnology Applications to Hazardous Waste Management & Examples

            Treating Contaminated Soil and Bio-Reclamation of Waste Water Effluent I - Theory, Exa. from Different Industries

Aiming For Biodegradable and Ecofriendly Products, Renewable Energy, Phytotechnology,

            Deodorization Process, Applications

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Global Environmental Problems

Ozone layer: Ozone Depletion & UV-B, Ozone in the Atmosphere, Ozone Chemistry, Ozone Reaction Mechanisms,

            High Level Ozone, Low Level Ozone, How does ozone absorb UV light?, Stratospheric Ozone Depletion,

            Ozone Depletion Process, Ozone Links, Ozone Depletion Glossary

Green House Effect: Global Warming

Acid Rain: